Snowden Surveillance Archive: A research collaboration between Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE) and the Politics of Surveillance Project at the Faculty of Information at the University of Toronto

Snowden Surveillance Archive

This archive is a collection of all documents leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden that have subsequently been published by news media.

Our aim in creating this archive is to provide a tool that would facilitate citizen, researcher and journalist access to these important documents. Indexes, document descriptions, links to original documents and to related news stories, a glossary and comprehensive search features are all designed to enable a better understanding of state surveillance programs within the wider context of surveillance by the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) along with its partners in the Five Eyes countries – U.K., Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

Our hope is that this resource will contribute to greater awareness of the broad scope, intimate reach and profound implications of the global surveillance infrastructures and practices that Edward Snowden’s historic document leak reveals.

The Snowden Archive is the result of a research collaboration between Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE) and the Politics of Surveillance Project at the Faculty of Information at the University of Toronto. Partners and supporters of this initiative include the Surveillance Studies Centre, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Queen’s University; the Digital Curation Institute, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto; and the Centre for Free Expression, Faculty of Communications and Design, Ryerson University.

The Bureau of Investigative Journalism

The Bureau of Investigative Journalism is an independent not-for-profit organisation. Established in April 2010, the Bureau is the first of its kind in the UK, where philanthropically funded journalism is rare.

The Bureau pursues journalism which is of public benefit. We undertake in depth research into the governance of public, private and third sector organisations and their influence. We make our work freely available under a Creative Commons licence.

The Bureau was formed and is funded on the assumption that investigative journalism is indispensable to democracy in providing the public with the knowledge and facts about the way in which important institutions in our society operate, so that they can be fully informed citizens.

The Bureau believes that as the established media struggles with the impact of reduced resources alternative funding models are crucial to the survival of journalism which provides a public benefit, and such journalism can be a valuable addition to daily news output.

Our Work
Based at City University London, the Bureau works in collaboration with other groups to get its investigations published and distributed. Since its foundation the Bureau has  worked with BBC File On Four, BBC Panorama, BBC Newsnight, Channel 4 Dispatches, Channel 4 News, al Jazeera English, the Independent, the Financial Times, the Daily Telegraph, the Sunday Times, Le Monde, mediapart, the Guardian, the Independent, the Daily Mirror, the Observer and the Daily Mirror.

The Center for Investigative Reporting

At The Center for Investigative Reporting (CIR) [founded in 1977 and based in Berkeley, California], we believe journalism that moves citizens to action is an essential pillar of democracy. Since 1977, CIR has relentlessly pursued and revealed injustices that otherwise would remain hidden from the public eye. Today, we’re upholding this legacy and looking forward, working at the forefront of journalistic innovation to produce important stories that make a difference and engage you, our audience, across the aisle, coast to coast and worldwide….

CIR is the only nonprofit journalism organization with the in-house ability to produce stories on every available media platform – from print to video, radio and interactive data applications – so that our reporting is accessible, engaging and presented for maximum impact. Our staff includes highly skilled reporters who know how to cultivate sources and find hidden information; engineers and analysts who create news apps, interactive maps and tools to help the public understand issues from the macro to the micro level; and radio, video and multimedia producers who create engaging documentaries, videos and animated features to demystify complex topics. More than 300 news outlets partner with us or have featured our reporting, including ABC, Univision, Al-Jazeera English, The Young Turks, Stars and Stripes, the San Francisco Chronicle, KQED, NPR, PBS, The Daily Beast, “The Daily Show with Jon Stewart,” Fox News, MSNBC, CNN, YouTube and more.

The Center for Public Integrity

The Center for Public Integrity [based in Washington, DC] was founded in 1989 by Charles Lewis. We are one of the country’s oldest and largest nonpartisan, nonprofit investigative news organizations.

Our mission: To serve democracy by revealing abuses of power, corruption and betrayal of public trust by powerful public and private institutions, using the tools of investigative journalism.

The Center is a nonprofit digital news organization; it is nonpartisan and does no advocacy work.

The Center’s editorial staff consists of journalists, FOIA experts, copy editors, researchers, fact-checkers, and data experts who work on the Center’s investigative projects and stories.

The Center distributes its investigations through its award-winning website and to all forms of media; broadcast, print, online, and blogs, around the globe.

The Investigative Fund (at The Nation Institute)

The Investigative Fund at The Nation Institute is dedicated to improving the scope and overall quality of investigative reporting in the independent press and beyond. The Investigative Fund incubates and supports important investigative stories with the potential for social impact, particularly on issues that may be bypassed by the mainstream media. The Investigative Fund does this by providing reporters with editorial guidance, institutional support, and grants to cover the research costs associated with investigative journalism.

Some Investigative Fund stories have sparked resignations of public officials; others have triggered FBI investigations, Congressional hearings, or federal legislation. Still others have changed the debate around a key issue or exposed previously hidden forms of abuse and exploitation. Investigative Fund stories have won some of journalism’s top awards: the Polk, the National Magazine Award, the Sidney Hillman Award, awards from Investigative Reporters & Editors, and more.

Founded as a pilot project in 1996 with the support of the Lear Foundation, The Investigative Fund expanded to its current size in 2005 with generous support from Lannan Foundation, the Puffin Foundation, and others. We are now grateful to be supported by the Ford Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation, the Schooner Foundation, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Park Foundation, Ploughshares Fund, the Morton K. and Jane Blaustein Foundation, the Mai Family Fund, Irving Harris Foundation, and the Jonathan Larsen Foundation, among others, and collaborate with multiple media partners and produce approximately seventy investigations each year.

Our investigations have appeared in a wide variety of outlets, from The Nation magazine with 200,000 readers, to Salon, which counts 5 million unique visitors each month, to NPR’s Marketplace, with 8 million listeners, to PBS’s Need to Know, Time, Newsweek, AARP Magazine, Harper’s, The New York Review of Books, The New Republic, Mother Jones, GQ, and many more.

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The Investigative Fund runs a lean operation so that the bulk of our approximately $600,000 annual project budget goes directly to reporters to cover their travel and research costs. For a list of our funders, click here.